Frequently Asked Questions - Can an independent Scotland afford the State Pension?
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Yes. Scotland is in a strong position to afford a high quality pensions system. Scotland is already better able to afford the current levels of social protection spending (which includes pensions) than the UK as a whole, on the basis of government revenue and share of GDP:
expenditure on social protection as a share of GDP has been lower in Scotland than in the UK in each of the past five years – in 2011/12, social protection expenditure accounted for 14.4 per cent of GDP in Scotland and 15.9 per cent in the UK
a smaller percentage of Scotland’s tax revenues are spent on social protection compared to the UK. Figures from 2011/12 show that 38 per cent of Scottish tax revenues were spent on social protection, compared with 42 per cent for the UK
Source: Scotland's Future, Scottish Government, November 2013.